Patent registration can be obtained in India for an invention. A patent is a right granted to an individual or enterprise by the government that disallows others from making, using, selling, or importing the patented product or process without the patent holder’s approval or consent.
The primary step an inventor takes to safeguard their innovation from being exploited is to file a patent. Patent application in India is a time-consuming procedure, with Indiafilings you can have your registration complete your registration in a hassle free way.
Types of Patent Application in India
Provisional Application – A provisional application, also known as a temporary application, is filed when an invention is still in the works and has not yet been finished. Any other relevant inventions will not be recognised as prior art to the inventor’s application if a patent is filed early. When an invention requires more time to develop, this form of patent application is filed.
Ordinary or Non-Provisional Application – An ordinary or non-provisional application application does not have any priority to claim or if the application is not filed in pursuance of any preceding convention application. A complete specification can be submitted via:
Direct Filing – Wherein complete specification is initially filed with the Indian Patent Office without filing any corresponding provisional specification.
Subsequent Filing – Wherein complete specification is filed after the filing of the corresponding provisional specification and claiming priority from the filed provisional specification.
Convention Application – The convention application is filed for claiming a priority date based on the same or similar application filed in any of the convention countries.
To avail a status of the convention, an applicant must apply to the Indian Patent Office within a year from the date of the initial filing of a similar application in the convention country.
To re-iterate in simpler terms, a convention application entitles the applicant to claim priority in all the convention countries.
PCT International Application – PCT international application does not result in an international patent grant, it open the way for a shortened patent application process in multiple nations at once.
It is governed by the Patent Corporation Treaty, which can be validated in up to 142 nations. By filing this application, an innovation will be protected from being copied in these nations.
PCT National Application – If the applicant discovers an innovation, or a modest modification of an invention, that has already been applied for or patented by the applicant, he must file this application. If the invention does not need a significant inventive step, a PCT National application can be filed.
Divisional Application – If an application claims more than one invention, the applicant may choose to partition it and submit two or more applications. These applications have a priority date that is comparable to the parent application.
What can be Patented
According to the Patent Act, an invention must be a new product or technique that incorporates an inventive step and can be used in the industry in order to be patentable. An invention must be technical and meet the following requirements in order to be patentable.
Novelty – The matter disclosed in the specification is not published in India or elsewhere before filing the patent application in India.
Inventive Step – The invention is not apparent to a person skilled in the art in light of the prior publication/ knowledge/ document.
Industrial Applicability – Invention should possess utility so that it can be made or used in the industry.
Eligibility for Patent Registration
A patent registration application for an invention can be made by any of the following people either alone or jointly with any other person:
Documents Required for Patent Registration
Process of Patent Application with Mera Online CA
You must verify that your invention idea is unique in order to file a successful patent application. A patent search will confirm this, and the client will be able to avoid time-consuming procedures.
Patent Application Filing
Patent Filing is considered to be the most crucial aspect.The whole process specification is a specialised task that requires expert guidance to complete successfully.
It is wise to get professional assistance while drafting a patent application. It is recommended to file a provisional patent application if the individual is still in the initial stages of research and development.
Preparing Patentability Report
Patent professionals or agents will conduct comprehensive study and provide a patentability report. As a result, the applicant must include all of the required documentation with the patent application.
Publication of Patent Application
Within 18 months, the application is published in the patent journal. A request for an early patent filing can be filed along with the required expenses.
Every patent application filed in India is kept confidential until it is formally published in the Patent Journal by the Indian Patent Office.
The publication of filed patent applications occurs automatically after 18 months from the date of filing, and no request is required.
There would be a formal submission of a request for patent examination within 48 months of the patent’s first filing. If the applicant fails to file within the specified time, the patent office will treat the application as withdrawn. After that, the examiner performs a thorough investigation and issues the first examination report, known as patent prosecution.
Patent applications also receive objections, so it is mandatory to analyze the patent examination report and draft a proper response to the objections.
Grant of Patent
Once all the patentability requirements are met, the grant patent’s notification will be published in the Patent Journal.
Where to file a Patent Application
It’s filed at the appropriate patent office using Form-1 and a provisional/complete specification, along with the required fee. The following factors are used to determine a patent office’s jurisdiction –
Mumbai Patent Office Jurisdiction
The States of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Goa, Chhattisgarh, the Union Territories of Daman & Diu, and Dadra & Nagar Haveli fall under the Mumbai Patent Office jurisdiction.
Delhi Patent Office Jurisdiction
The States of Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, National Capital Territory of Delhi, and the Union Territory of Chandigarh fall under the Delhi Patent Office jurisdiction.
Chennai Patent Office Jurisdiction
The States of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and the Union Territories of Pondicherry and Lakshadweep fall under the Chennai Patent Office jurisdiction.
Kolkata Patent Office Jurisdiction
The rest of India, the States of Bihar, Orissa, West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Tripura, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh, and Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands fall under the Kolkata Patent Office jurisdiction.
Benefits of Patent Registration
Here are the benefits of filing a patent registration in India: